In the twelfth century, Federico II Hohenstaufen was the Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire as well as King of Sicily. He was an every knowleadgeble man who tried to foster an artistic innovation in his kingdom, especially in Apulia. Here, he built the Castel del Monte in 1233 and took charge of the rebuilding of the Castello Svevo in Bari, which had been partially destroyed by the Byzantines.
Castel del Monte is located in the municipality of Andria and is known for its octagonal shape. Its interior is characterized by a contrasting color due to the use of coral breccia, limestone and marble. It is elevated and held a strategic position as a castle and defensive structure.
The Castello Svevo of Bari, located near the Murat district of the town, has angular bastions (used to defend the fortress) and four towers. Today it often serves as a place for exhibitions.
In Bari old town it is worth visiting the Basilica di San Nicola, built in Romanesque style during the Norman rule, and the Cattedrale di San Sabino, built on the ruins of the Byzantine Duomo.